The issue of carbon leakage - and the vulnerability of industries such as the cement industry – was highlighted during a CEMBUREAU press conference in December. A study by the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) concluded that ‘clinker and cement production in the EU would be seriously affected by carbon leakage’ and that, as a consequence, the relocation of clinker production to countries with no carbon constraints would accelerate from 2013. “The European cement industry is highly vulnerable to carbon leakage” stressed Dr Jean-Marie Chandelle, Chief Executive of CEMBUREAU. “This is a fact that should be urgently recognised by the European Union. With full auctioning in 2020 and at CO2 prices of €35 per tonne, all integrated clinker – cement production in the EU would be wiped out of the EU leading to a loss of approximately 40,000 direct jobs and € 4.2 billion gross value added (GVA) per year.” Dr Chandelle added that the replacement of domestic production by imports would also result in increased global CO2 emissions as the European cement industry is the best world performer in lowering net CO2 emissions. CEMBUREAU is happy that this call has been heeded and that clear precise quantitative criteria have been set in the Directive (see editorial).
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